programmable matter is a research project in the field of 4D printing. Advances in smart materials design and shape memory polymers are investigated, resulting in innovative ways of creating functional and complex surfaces and replicating nature through 4D printing. The 4D printing technology enables 3D printed parts derived from smart materials to be programmed to self-assemble themselves into a predefined shape or structure over time. This research project presents the future design and manufacture of durable, flexible, and adaptable products that can dynamically respond to ever-changing human, environmental, and economic conditions. This concept can be applied to a product’s overall being, geometry, and body—bringing into existence the evolution of entire products.